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Archive of posts published in the tag: 上海419论坛

Donegal TDs claim €255,796 in expenses since March 2011

first_img WhatsApp Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Donegal TDs claim €255,796 in expenses since March 2011 WhatsApp Google+ Twitter Pinterest Junior Finance Minister Brian Hayes has defended the expense claims of TD’s – saying politics is not a cheap business.Six million euro in expenses has been claimed by all TD’s since the 31st Dail first sat last March.The lowest amount claimed by a Donegal TD is €18,063 claimed by Deputy Dinny Mc Ginley to cover his expenses as a Dail representitive. The bulk of his expenses will come from his position as Junior Minister with responsibility for the Gaeltacht.Next is Donegal South West Deputy Thomas Pringle, who claimed €42,135. Donegal North East Deputy Padraig Mac Lochlainn claimed €51,174. The remaining three Donegal TDs, Donegal South West Deputy Pearse Doherty and Charlie Mc Conalogue and Joe Mc Hugh of Donegal North East each claimed €51,808.One Dublin TD, Letterkenny born Eamon Maloney claimed no expenses. Facebook Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Twittercenter_img Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Facebook RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Pinterest 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic By News Highland – February 3, 2012 Google+ Previous articleHarkin says EU money may be used for septic tank worksNext articleOmagh campaigners claim new evidence boosts inquiry call News Highland Newsx Adverts 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North last_img read more

Businesses face hard decisions on whether, when to hire

first_imgNEW YORK (AP) — As the U.S. economy undergoes an uneven recovery from the coronavirus, many small business owners face a tough decision on whether and when to take on employees.  Many owners rebuilding or starting anew after losing companies don’t plan robust hiring anytime soon. Owners who laid off workers can’t make commitments because of uncertainty about when the pandemic will end. For many owners, it’s a question of how comfortable customers will feel about gathering in enclosed spaces like restaurants, stores and gyms. For owners who lost businesses and started over, it’s too soon to know if their brand-new companies will succeed.last_img read more

Dexia bank gets massive bailout

first_img Share Tweet BusinessLifestyleMoney Dexia bank gets massive bailout by: – October 10, 2011 Share Sharing is caring!center_img 157 Views   no discussions Dexia shares have fallen 42% in the last weekFrance, Belgium and Luxembourg are to bail out the troubled bank Dexia, following fears it could go bankrupt.The Belgian government will buy the bank’s division in Belgium for 4bn euros ($5.4bn; £3.4bn).And Luxembourg’s finance minister said a Qatari investment group was ready to buy the bank’s Luxembourg unit.The plan came after German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Nicolas Sarkozy agreed Europe’s crisis-hit banks needed to be recapitalised.Dexia also secured state guarantees of up to 90bn euros to secure borrowing over the next 10 years. Belgium will provide 60.5% of these guarantees, France 36.5% and Luxembourg 3%, the bank said in a statement.Belgian Prime Minister Yves Leterme told a news conference in the early hours of Monday: “We found an agreement on the fair division of the costs related to the management of the ‘rest bank’.” The Belgian unit is a largely retail operation of 6,000 staff, handling deposits totalling 80bn euros for four million customers. Dexia asked for help for the second time in three years after a liquidity squeeze sent its shares tumbling.It had to be bailed out in 2008, with the Belgian, French and Luxembourg governments putting in 6.4bn euros to keep it afloat. Marathon talksThe latest announcement came after a board meeting that lasted some 14 hours from mid-afternoon on Sunday.Dexia’s near-collapse is the latest warning sign over the health of Europe’s lenders. It has a global credit risk exposure of around $700bn, twice the gross domestic product of Greece. BBC business editor Robert Peston said that given the size of Dexia, with a balance sheet of over 500bn euros, eurozone governments viewed its rescue as vital to avoid more market turmoil.Under the plan, Dexia’s French municipal finance operations will come under state control. The bank is also expected to announce the planned sale of its healthy businesses, such as Denizbank in Turkey. The burden of bailing out Dexia led to a warning from the ratings agency Moody’s that it could cut its rating on Belgium’s government bonds.Qatari purchasesEarlier on Monday, Belgian bank KBC said it was selling its Luxembourg unit, KBL European Private Bankers, to Qatari investment group Precision Capital for 1.05bn euros.KBC said the sale would allow it to raise capital, reduce its risk profile and focus on its core markets of Belgium and central and eastern Europe.Luxembourg Finance Minister Luc Frieden said the same investment group, which belongs to members of the Qatari royal family, was ready to buy Dexia’s Luxembourg unit, BIL.“The KBC Group has informed [us] that it has sold KBL to an investor from Qatar… The fact that this family group has bought one entity (KBL) and intends to buy the other (BIL) is good for the Luxembourg financial sector,” he told a news conference.The Luxembourg government itself still aimed to take a minority stake in BIL, though the size of the investment had not yet been agreed, he said.BBC News Sharelast_img read more

NBA Draft 2019: Duke big men Marques Bolden, Javin DeLaurier declare

first_imgNEWS: Javin DeLaurier & Marques Bolden will enter the NBA Draft process. The rising seniors will gather feedback from NBA personnel over the coming weeks, but will maintain their collegiate eligibility, leaving open the possibility of returning to Duke. pic.twitter.com/rtNhUrWLNg— Duke Basketball (@DukeMBB) April 22, 2019″Javin DeLaurier & Marques Bolden will enter the NBA Draft process. The rising seniors will gather feedback from NBA personnel over the coming weeks, but will maintain their collegiate eligibility, leaving open the possibility of returning to Duke,” the school said.Per the NBA’s new draft rule, prospective NBA draftees can go through the process, but if they decide before the draft that going pro isn’t the right choice at that time, they can return to school with no penalty. NBA Draft 2019: Cassius Winston will return to Michigan State Two more Duke players are entering the NBA Draft process.A week after star Zion Williamson, R.J. Barrett and Cam Reddish declared, junior big men Marques Bolden and Javin DeLaurier announced through Duke that they will test the waters. NBA Draft 2019: Suns prefer Ja Morant over Zion Williamson, report says NBA Draft 2019: Missouri’s Jontay Porter declares entry Related News At 6-11, Bolden was a highly touted recruit out of DeSoto, Texas, but struggled in his freshman and sophomore seasons because of injuries. However, he showed more promise this season, averaging 5.3 points with 4.5 rebounds and 0.5 assists. Any assessment of his future in the NBA typically focuses on his defense: His ability to switch and protect the rim likely means he can find a role as a defensive center in the switch-happy NBA.At 6-10, DeLaurier DeLaurier, the other half of Duke’s center platoon this season, is a lesser prospect than Bolden. He finished his junior year averaging 3.8 points, 4.4 rebounds and 0.4 assists, but, like Bolden, offers upside on the defensive end. He was impressive this season with 3.2 blocks and 2.1 steals per 40 minutes.While Williamson, Barrett and Reddish are projected to be lottery draft picks, it’s not clear yet where Bolden and DeLaurier would go, if at all, in the 2019 draft order.last_img read more

England Golf Awards 2018: Five great reasons to nominate now!

first_img14 Nov 2017 England Golf Awards 2018: Five great reasons to nominate now! The categories are:Club of the Year sponsored by HowDidIDoThe stand-out club, recognised for its inspiring, forward-thinking approachMost Welcoming Golf Club sponsored by American GolfFor the club which goes above and beyond to reach out to allCounty of the YearThe county which does its best for its players and clubsVolunteer of the YearSomeone whose commitment and contribution has a huge impact in golfYoung Ambassador of the YearA young person, aged under 25 on the day of the Awards, who represents the very best of their generationCoach of the YearA PGA-accredited coach whose passion and commitment helps to grow the gameLifetime Service AwardSomeone who has made a remarkable contribution to golf over many yearsCaption: 2017 Young Ambassador of the Year, Emma Anderson of Sherwood Forest Golf Club, Nottinghamshire (image copyright Leaderboard Photography). Tags: Award, Nominationscenter_img Have you made your nominations for the England Golf Awards 2018? Here’s five great reasons why you should!1 It’s a fantastic way to honour the people who really do make a difference in our sport, such as the dedicated coach and the volunteers who always find time.2 It’s a great shout-out for your golf club. If your club is setting new standards for the way it looks after its members and visitors then it deserves a huge pat on the back.3 It puts your county on the map. If you think your county is doing the best for its players and clubs then it’s time to tell the rest of the country about it.4 It’s a chance to tell inspirational stories about all the unsung heroes who make a fantastic contribution to golf, simply for the love of the game.5 It’s the ideal way to say ‘thank you’ to all the people and organisations who have made 2017 such a memorable year and who are creating a bright future for golf.We’re seeking nominations for seven award categories and the deadline is midnight on 30 November 2017 Click here for more details and to nominate.last_img read more

Long-term droughts are throttling growth in Hawaiian forests, finds airborne laser-based study

first_imgLong-term declines in rainfall on the Big Island of Hawaii have added up over time to make forests shorter and less green.Data from satellites and airplane surveys showed that forest canopy greenness decreased twice as much in areas where annual rainfall had steadily declined since 1920.Long-term drying trends in other parts of the world may have far-reaching impacts on forests. A plant without water will wither and, eventually, die. This is easy to observe in the browned leaves of a neglected houseplant, but what happens when an entire forest gets less and less rain over the course of nearly 100 years?To address this question, researchers used satellites and a high-tech airplane to spy on the native forests of Hawaii’s Big Island. The effects of drought do not end when rains return, the study showed. Rather, these impacts add up over time to make forests shorter, less dense, and less green.Unprecedented droughts and large-scale decreases in average rainfall are affecting many locations around the world, climate data has shown. Scientists have long wanted to know how these changes will affect tropical forests. But such projects require high-quality weather data that spans decades, and it is difficult to make precise observations for vast swaths of forest.The Carnegie Airborne Observatory used a laser tool called LiDAR to detect the three-dimensional structure of the forests and terrain below the canopy. Photo courtesy of Gregory Asner/Carnegie Institution for ScienceEcologists Jomar Barbosa and Gregory Asner from the Carnegie Institution for Science at Stanford University met these challenges by using recent advances in remote-sensing technology. They also used a unique, long-term weather dataset on Hawaii’s Big Island, where rainfall has declined on one side of the island for the last century—affecting the native forests that grow on the volcanic slopes.For their study, the researchers used data from the Carnegie Airborne Observatory (CAO)—an airplane designed by Asner to study ecosystems at this scale. The plane carries nearly a metric ton of computing and remote-sensing technology.“Work on the ground is very hard to translate into the big picture,” said Asner in an interview. “The airborne observatory was conceived to try to draw out the major findings derived from all these different landscapes.”Changes in forest photosynthesis on Hawaii’s Big Island from 2002 to 2016. Red: decrease in photosynthesis. Green: increase in photosynthesis. White: other land-cover classes such as bare soil, invasive species, or human settlements. Graphic from Barbosa and Asner, Environmental Research Letters (2017).The study also used data from NASA’s Terra satellite, which tracked the greenness of forest canopies on the Big Island between 2002 and 2016. Greenness reflects how much photosynthesis is taking place. Less photosynthesis reflects a decline in plant growth—which means the forest can’t support as much life.The CAO flew over two patches of the Hawaiian forest in 2007 and 2016. One patch was on the island’s wetter side, and the second was on the island’s drier side. A laser instrument fired 400,000 pulses per second to measure the canopy’s height in detail. Taller trees typically contain more biomass, pointing to more sustained growth over time.Waipio Valley on the Big Island of Hawaii. Photo by Eric Tessmer/Creative CommonsTo connect the changes seen in canopy height and greenness to rainfall, the team used data developed by researchers at the University of Hawaii to trace the island’s rainfall by year and by location from 1920 to 2012. This allowed Barbosa and Asner to pinpoint the driest spots on the island at various time scales.They found that forests which had seen less and less rain since 1920 were shorter and two times less green than they would have expected from the effects of short-term droughts alone. Browned leaves and dying vegetation are common during extended droughts. But these results show for the first time that when rainfall declines over much longer time scales, the damages to forests pile up.“They were able to distinguish the loss of greenness from short-term versus long-term drying trends,” said Christian Giardina, a Hawaii-based ecologist with the U.S. Forest Service who was not involved in the study. “This kind of analysis highlights the importance of long-term climate data and paves the way for future studies that seek to integrate short-term and long-term datasets where they are available,” Giardina told Mongabay.Applying this work to managing important forests may be easier said than done, Asner said. “It’s time for land managers and policymakers to consider alleviating some of the other stresses on forests, like fire or invasive species,” he said. “Then you’re giving the forest a better chance of surviving this long-term decrease in precipitation. When I say this in meetings people know it’s the answer, but it’s hard to get it done.”The I’iwi or scarlet honeycreeper, a native Hawaiian forest bird. Photo by Bettina Arrigoni/Creative CommonsCITATIONJomar M Barbosa and Gregory P Asner (2017). Effects of long-term rainfall decline on the structure and functioning of Hawaiian forests. Environmental Research Letters. 12. 094002. http://doi.org/cf8r Alex Fox is a graduate student in the Science Communication Program at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Other Mongabay stories by UCSC students can be found here. Header image: Pair of scarlet honeycreepers. Credit by Cari Lynn Squibb for USGS. Article published by Rhett Butlercenter_img Conservation Technology, Drought, Environment, Forests, Impact Of Climate Change, Remote Sensing, Satellite Imagery, Trees, UCSC Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

Forests: A key piece of the land and climate puzzle (commentary)

first_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Scientists contributing to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have published a new report examining the interactions between climate change and land use. Agriculture, forestry, and other land uses are responsible for nearly a quarter of all man-made greenhouse gas emissions. But forests are also one of our planet’s biggest carbon sinks and can contribute to carbon removal, thus constituting a key piece of the land and climate puzzle.The report provides a comprehensive look at the forest-related solutions we have, among other land-based responses, that could help us mitigate and adapt to climate change and the possible synergies and trade-offs with other critical land-related issues, including land degradation and desertification and food security.We now need the political will and action from governments, the private sector, and consumers to change the way society values forests, to stimulate forest protection, and to embrace sustainable forest management and forest restoration while reversing the pressure on forests. And we need to do so without displacing that pressure to other ecosystems.This post is a commentary. The views expressed are those of the author, not necessarily Mongabay. The vital contribution of forests in protecting biodiversity, regulating the climate, and enhancing human well-being is being recognized as never before.Forest-related responses to tackling the climate crisis are increasingly being seen as a cost-effective option among nature-based solutions. By protecting existing forests and halting deforestation, we can maintain some of our most important carbon sinks, and by restoring forests we can remove significant quantities of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.There is, however, a vast gap between these solutions and reality. Climate change is placing additional stress on forests, and climate change impacts, compounded by trends such as consumption growth, infrastructure expansion, and increased food production, will put additional pressures on land. We are seeing this unfold at this moment in Russia, where record levels of forest fires have sparked fears about an ecological disaster. Or in Guatemala, where rapid deforestation has led to floods and water shortages.On August 8, scientists contributing to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published a new report examining the interactions between climate change and land use. Agriculture, forestry, and other land uses are responsible for nearly a quarter of all man-made greenhouse gas emissions. But forests are also one of our planet’s biggest carbon sinks and can contribute to carbon removal, thus constituting a key piece of the land and climate puzzle.Cane fires burning, Mount Inkerman, Queensland, Australia. The sugar industry has made many improvements to look after the environment including reducing burning of the crops before harvesting. Burning takes the organizing matter out of the system. Photo Credit: © WWF / James Morgan.The IPCC Special Report on Climate Change and Land synthesizes and provides the science we need to advance our understanding of what the pressures on land are and the potential and limitations of the response options. The report provides a comprehensive look at the forest-related solutions we have, among other land-based responses, that could help us mitigate and adapt to climate change and the possible synergies and trade-offs with other critical land-related issues, including land degradation and desertification and food security.We now need the political will and action from governments, the private sector, and consumers to change the way society values forests, to stimulate forest protection, and to embrace sustainable forest management and forest restoration while reversing the pressure on forests. And we need to do so without displacing that pressure to other ecosystems.Our call to action is challenging, but not impossible. Forest-related solutions are cost effective precisely because we can harness the power of nature to address climate change. But it also requires a fundamental shift in behaviors — in the way we use land for agriculture and in the way people consume and eat.The Special Report arrives shortly before the UN General Assembly and the Climate Summit in September, and the UN climate talks in December. It is a critical moment to reflect on responses related to forests and assess how they can be incorporated into national agendas and climate action plans of both developing and industrialized countries.Tractors for conversion of grasslands into crops, north of Pierre, South Dakota. Photo Credit: © Day’s Edge / WWF-US.Focus on forestsMost of the pressures on forests come from outside forests and the forestry sector — whether that’s demand for land to grow food, or because of policies and financial systems that don’t take account of the full value of forests. Effective forest protection, then, needs to originate outside forests, too — through improving land management, transforming food systems, and advancing more responsible finance and investment. And it needs to adapt to specific contexts to ensure the most cost-effective options for mitigation and adaptation to climate change, while ensuring synergies with land restoration and food security.Forests play a key role in the integrated response options that contribute to pathways limiting global warming to 1.5o degrees Celsius. Some of the forest-related solutions have clear win-wins, in the context of a broad range of land-based options. These include forest conservation, sustainable forest management, reducing deforestation and forest degradation, and agroforestry, given their co-benefits for mitigation, adaptation, reversing land degradation and food security.Expanding tree cover through reforestation and afforestation is expected to have positive benefits for mitigation and adaption and reversing land degradation, but there needs to be a concerted to avoid negative impacts on food security when deployed at a large-scale, as well as social and environmental impacts. Small-scale deployment with the use of best practices in managed landscapes under strong governance could bring some greater co-benefits. And these risks and benefits will require careful assessment depending on the context.Amoron’i Onilahy is a Protected Area managed by local communities who work to protect their natural wealth through ecotourism and the promotion of biodiversity. WWF is an important partner in that area. Photo Credit: © Martina Lippuner / WWF-Africa.In addition, the potential of forest and ecosystems restoration, while not fully analyzed in the report, has taken center stage recently. For example, a recent study, based on different type of assumptions, has shown the technical potential for tree restoration to be as high as 900 million hectares (about 2.2 billion acres), though it is important to note that there is a large gap between the technical potential and the actual feasibility, and several barriers will have to be overcome. Another recent study found that the world’s largest carbon sinks are located in young forests regrown on former agricultural or deforested areas.The IPCC Special Report synthesizes our scientific knowledge about the potential of different forest-related responses in the context of integrated response options. But as critical as it is to take stock of our current knowledge, it is just as important to translate this knowledge into action, and actions to protect and restore forests will depend on collaboration between many actors — governments, donors, local communities, farmers, and the private sector.These actions have the potential to deliver significant benefits under approaches to manage whole landscapes or jurisdictions in a sustainable way. And these approaches require meaningful partnerships between governments, investors, and private companies with the close involvement of local farmers and communities.It is now time to scale this up and put science into action.Deforestation for future agriculture plantation in Tahuamanu Province, heading to Centro Poblado de Alerta, Madre de Dios Region, Peru. Photo Credit: © Nicolas Villaume / WWF-USCITATIONS• Bastin, J. F., Finegold, Y., Garcia, C., Mollicone, D., Rezende, M., Routh, D., … & Crowther, T. W. (2019). The global tree restoration potential. Science, 365(6448), 76-79. doi:10.1126/science.aax0848• Blanco G., R. Gerlagh, S. Suh, J. Barrett, H.C. de Coninck, C.F. Diaz Morejon, R. Mathur, N. Nakicenovic, A. Ofosu Ahenkora, J. Pan, H. Pathak, J. Rice, R. Richels, S.J. Smith, D.I. Stern, F.L. Toth, and P. Zhou. (2014). Drivers, Trends and Mitigation. In: Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Edenhofer, O., R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I. Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow, T. Zwickel, & J.C. Minx (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.• Pugh, T. A., Lindeskog, M., Smith, B., Poulter, B., Arneth, A., Haverd, V., & Calle, L. (2019). Role of forest regrowth in global carbon sink dynamics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(10), 4382-4387. doi:10.1073/pnas.1810512116Pablo Pacheco is Global Forest Lead Scientist for WWF.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Article published by Mike Gaworeckicenter_img Climate Change, Climate Change And Forests, Climate Change Policy, Commentary, Editorials, Environment, Food, Forests, Global Warming, Land Use Change, Research, Researcher Perspective Series, Restoration last_img read more

More Details of Photosynthesis Coming to Light

first_imgPhotosynthesis, the light-harvesting capability of plants, was a black box 30 years ago, but more and more details have been elucidated by advanced probing techniques.  In the March 18 issue of Nature,1, a team of Chinese scientists determined the X-ray structure of a principal component acts like a light-harvesting antenna.  The structure utilizes special molecules that not only gather the energy of light, but also get rid of excess energy that could damage the plant.  They write, “Four carotenoid-binding sites per monomer have been observed.  The xanthophyll-cycle carotenoid at the monomer-monomer interface may be involved in the non-radiative dissipation of excessive energy, one of the photoprotective strategies that have evolved in plants.”1Liu et al., “Crystal structure of spinach major light-harvesting complex at 2.72 � resolution,” Nature 428, 287 – 292 (18 March 2004); doi:10.1038/nature02373.Nice observation, but another example of the Darwinian bad habit of assuming what ought to be proved.  Plants don’t evolve protective strategies.  That requires intelligence.(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

South African police in R36m drug bust

first_img28 May 2012South African and international police are working together to curb a suspected international drug smuggling unit following the seizure of 1.1 tons of narcotics with a street value of R36-million in Tulisa Park outside Johannesburg on Saturday.The seizure was made during a joint operation between elite police unit the Hawks, the South African Police Service (SAPS) Crime Intelligence, and customs officials from the South African Revenue Service.The narcotics were packaged in fraudulently labelled packs, including pet food cans, tobacco and coffee packages, said national police spokesperson Captain Dennis Adriao.It is believed that the consignment of drugs was destined for international markets.Initial tests conducted at the scene indicated that the drugs were hashish.“The success of this seizure was attributed to information received from a member of the public and weeks of investigations, which identified the storage facility where the narcotics were being stored,” Adriao said.“The storage facility … was part of a freight service that stores consignments and then also dispatches the freight to various parts of the country and overseas.”Police also found a large tortoise, which was identified by the NSPCA Wildlife Unit as a leopard tortoise – an approximately 50-year-old female.“The tortoise didn’t have any food or water and was being kept together with the narcotics consignment. We believe that the tortoise could have been destined for the international markets as well, especially the Asian countries.”No arrests have been made as yet, but the Hawks were still following up on information, Adriao said.Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

Google Maps Now Features More Detailed Maps & Easy Error Reporting

first_imgIf you look at the new maps today, the most obvious changes are better data for park boundaries and the trails and paths that now appear prominently on the maps. In addition, if you see a mistake on a map (a bike trail that is marked as a road, for example), you can simply right-click on the road and the drop-down menu will now include the option to report a problem (there is also a link at the bottom of the map). Sadly, this feature doesn’t allow users to redraw maps themselves. Instead, you can only leave a short text comment. Other mapping projects like OpenStreetMap allow users to quickly redraw the lines themselves, though at the cost of increased complexity and a high learning curve. For now, Google promises to resolve each edit within a month.All of this additional data also adds a new layer of clutter to the maps, though. For now, it is not possible to turn the information about trails and paths on or off, for example. If you are planning a route to drive with your car, you probably won’t care much about the bike trails. At the same time, if you are planning a bike trip, it would be nice if you could just highlight all the biking trails in a given area.Focus on Better Maps Instead of More Satellite ImagesThe competition between online map providers has mostly been around adding new and higher-resolution satellite images lately. The Bing Maps July update, for example, came in at over 41TB of new satellite imagery and aerial photography. Now, it looks like Google is going back to pushing the envelope by focusing back on the straightforward mapping features that make up the core of every good mapping service. Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Google just announced a major update to Google Maps in the United States. The new version not only includes better maps based on data from government organizations like the Forest Service and the US Geological Survey, but it also allows users to easily report problems with a map. In addition, Google Maps now features better maps for parks and water bodies, as well as college campuses. Trails and paths now also appear on the maps and thanks to this, Google plans to add biking directions to its routing feature in the near future. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Related Posts Tags:#news#web frederic lardinois Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai…last_img read more