“This study shows that these campaigns should also be expanded for older adults so that they can work to keep their brains young, The researchers found that education also played a positive role in brain health. For all the latest Entertainment News,who lives in the estate, They also had too much faith in hormonal birth control patches,S.the Pill and condoms are the most popular reversible forms of birth control But they are not the most effective That designation goes to intrauterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive implants IUDs are implanted in the uteruswhere they release small amounts of either copper or the hormone progestin to prevent pregnancy The contraceptive implantabout the size of a matchstickis inserted under the skin of the armwhere it releases controlled amounts of progestin The hormonal IUDsold under the brand-name Mirenacan prevent pregnancy for five yearswhile the copper versionsold as ParaGardis effective for about 10 years The contraceptive implant (Implanon) works for three years It’s estimated that between 02 percent and 08 percent of women who use an IUD will have an unplanned pregnancy within a year The rate is just 005 percent with a contraceptive implant The advantage is that unlike birth control pills and condomsthe IUD does not rely on perfect use With the Pillthe pregnancy rate with “typical use” is about nine percent per year With condomsit’s between 18 and 21 percent “We need to do a better job of educating the public — women and men — on the failure rates with typical use” said Eisenbergof Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine People also need to knowhe saidthat IUDs and the contraceptive implant are the most effective type of reversible birth control (Surgical sterilization is also close to 100 percent effectivebut it’s permanent) But it’s not only the public that needs more knowledge on contraceptionEisenberg said Doctorstoomay not be fully informedor may not be comfortable with inserting an IUD or implant A recent survey by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that 30 percent of health providers doubted the safety of IUDs for women who’d never given birth When IUDs first came outthere were concerns that they might raise the risk of pelvic infection and jeopardize women’s future fertility So the original IUD labeling said the devices were contraindicated for women who’d never had children But it’s now known that IUDs do not carry those risks StillEisenberg said”there are a lot of myths and misconceptions about which women are candidates” The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has said that IUDs and implants should be offered as “first-line” options for most womenbecause of their effectiveness and safety Yet only about five to six percent of US women who use contraception choose those methods Based on the current findingsEisenberg saidmany more women might choose them if they had full information and full coverage of the cost The study included 4144 St Louis-area women who were surveyed before getting contraceptive counseling They were asked to rate the effectiveness of different birth control optionspicking from a list of choices Overall45 percent overestimated the Pillcondomsthe hormonal patchthe hormonal vaginal ring and the injection hormone Depo-Provera (It was not possible to overestimate the effectiveness of IUDs or implants because of the survey’s structure) Thenafter the women were counseled on all their optionsa full 71 percent chose an IUD or implant That suggests that when you “remove the obstacles” Eisenberg saidmany women want those contraceptives Besides lack of awarenessthose obstacles include cost IUDs and implants have a big “upfront” cost: the Mirena IUD itself has gone up over the years and is now nearly $800 The ParaGard price tag is about $500 Then there are the doctor’s charges The Implanon implant costs between $400 and $800with all charges considered Since the devices last for yearsthat cost may be worthwhile over timeEisenberg pointed out Birth control pillsfor instancecost anywhere from about $10 to $50 a monthdepending on whether a woman uses generic or brand-name pills But if women don’t have full insurance coverage of the upfront costthey may balk at the price tag The devices can have unwanted side effectstoo With the implantirregular menstrual bleeding is most common; some women stop having their periods altogether The Mirena IUD may also cause menstrual irregularities But it generally makes periods lighterwhich is why it is also approved as a treatment for heavy bleeding The ParaGard IUD has the opposite effect: menstrual bleeding and cramping can increasethough that may go away over time Eisenbergwho has already presented some of the current findings at a medical conferencesaid he thinks IUDs and implants should be the “default” options offered to women seeking reversible birth control But that’s not what many doctors are doinghe noted If women can’t get the contraceptives from their own doctorEisenberg saidthey may be able to find a family planning center that can provide them For all the latest Lifestyle News download shlf1314n Express App More Related News

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