first_imgHaving a diverse mix of mammals may play a more pivotal role than expected in the carbon cycle of tropical forests, by feeding microbes that lock the carbon from food scraps in the soil.Hundreds of indigenous research technicians collected data for this study across an area roughly the size of Costa Rica.Conserving mammal species will become increasingly important in efforts to protect the health of rainforest ecosystems, researchers suggest. Amazonian rainforests bustle with activity: Monkeys snag fruit from branches in the canopy; peccaries root around in the topsoil for grubs, worms and plants; a jaguar feasts on the carcass of freshly hunted tapir. These animals have something new in common, a study now suggests: they form an important link in their ecosystem’s carbon cycle.Hungry mammals leave carbon-rich carcasses, food scraps and feces on the forest floor. These byproducts, along with plant material, contain nutrients that soak into the soil. Microbes that thrive in this nutrient-rich soil collect and store carbon instead of releasing it to the atmosphere as carbon dioxide.Two squirrel monkeys meander across the Amazonian forest floor, looking for insects to eat. Photo by Rhett A. Butler.The study’s authors propose that the diversity of mammals in tropical rainforest ecosystems contributes to an unexpectedly large amount of carbon storage in soils. Previously, researchers had largely only documented how the number of mammals in a forest affects the carbon cycle.Ecologist and team leader José Fragoso, formerly of Stanford University and now with the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco, recalled the moment he and his colleagues knew the project was important: “We realized, ‘Wow, this is really going to change things, and it has added something new to our understanding of ecosystems.’” The study was published recently in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution.The analysis relied on 340 indigenous research technicians from the Makushi, Wapishana and Waiwai nations, who roamed the rainforests of Brazil and Guyana to gather more than a million data points. Working through sweltering heat and traversing rough terrain, the technicians documented the number of animal and plant species they saw along 215 separate, defined paths, each one 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) long. The technicians also recorded any animal activities they witnessed, and collected vials of soil along the trails.The scope was ambitious. Within three years, “we sampled an area the size of Costa Rica,” said Fragoso — about 48,000 square kilometers (18,500 square miles).A white-headed capuchin monkey in Colombia messily munches on a piece of fruit. The carbon-filled scraps from this meal will enrich the forest’s soil. Photo by Rhett A. ButlerAreas that were rich in mammal biodiversity had higher levels of carbon in the soils, according to the study. The researchers put forward this explanation: a greater variety of animals creates more opportunities for them to eat one another and leave behind carbon-rich fruit, seeds and animal scraps. When the team analyzed soil samples, they found that soils rich in carbon produced by this food waste had higher levels of microbe diversity. A diverse and healthy community of soil microbes to break down these scraps is an important part of trapping carbon in the soil instead of releasing it in the atmosphere.Bradley Cardinale, director of the Cooperative Institute for Great Lakes Research at the University of Michigan, is critical of the claim. Because the analysis doesn’t factor in variables like soil temperature, moisture levels or the densities of microbes, he argues that it doesn’t accurately show a clear link between numbers of mammal species and levels of carbon in the soil.“I don’t think there is any doubt that mammal diversity is somehow correlated with carbon in the soil,” Cardinale told Mongabay. “But they can’t demonstrate if this is actually caused by the mammals.”Brazilian tapir. Photo by Rhett A. ButlerIn response, Fragoso said, “Each [research] group will have different perspectives of the importance and relevance” of different contributors to the carbon cycle. A team that studies plants, for instance, will focus on the role of trees in this cycle.Amy Dunham, associate professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at Rice University in Houston, Texas, commended the study’s geographic breadth and its novel focus on how mammals distribute carbon both above and below ground.The forest cycle is complex, and Fragoso said there’s more work to do. Next, the team hopes to study the impacts of birds, amphibians, reptiles and fish on the carbon cycle, as well as individual types of mammals. This work, Fragoso hopes, will help reinforce more holistic conservation efforts in areas of high biodiversity, including increased protections for species like jaguars, tapirs and other major Amazonian mammals.A herd of capybara, the world’s largest living rodents, go for a swim in Colombia. Photo by Rhett A. ButlerCITATIONSobral, M., Silvius, M.K., Overman, H., Oliviera, B.F.L., Raab, K.T., Fragoso, V.M.J. (2017) Mammal diversity influences the carbon cycle through trophic interactions in the Amazon. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1: 1670–1676. doi:10.1038/s41559-017-0334-0Jennifer Leman (@jlorileman) is a graduate student in the Science Communication Program at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Other Mongabay stories produced by UCSC students can be found here. Animals, Biodiversity, Carbon Sequestration, Citizen Science, Ecology, Ecosystem Services, Environmental Services, Forest Carbon, Forests, Rainforests, UCSC, Wildlife Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredcenter_img Article published by Rhett Butlerlast_img read more

read more

first_imgSri Lanka was supposed to host the 18th Conference of the Parties to CITES in May 2019, but the event has been rescheduled for Geneva in August due to security concerns after the Easter Sunday bombings.Sri Lanka is involved in nine proposals concerning 43 species, the most for a single party at the upcoming CoP. Six of the proposals concern species of reptiles and spiders endemic to Sri Lanka or South Asia, and the other three concern species of saltwater fish.The CITES Secretariat has recommended rejecting four of Sri Lanka’s proposals and adopting five, highlighting how lack of data is hampering conservation efforts in the country.This post is a commentary. The views expressed are those of the author, not necessarily Mongabay. The 18th Conference of the Parties (CoP) to CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, should have started on May 23 in Colombo. It was supposed to showcase Sri Lanka’s rich biodiversity to an international audience, boost local conservation efforts, and vitalize the country’s ecotourism.However, the terrorist attacks in Colombo on Easter Sunday that killed 259 people created security concerns. After a U.N. security assessment and lobbying from different organizations, the CITES secretary-general announced on June 12 that the conference would be moved to the CITES headquarters in Geneva and take place in August.Ultimately, safety concerns and the need for a timely conduction of the conference outweighed other considerations. As a triannual conference with several thousand participants, CITES CoPs are planned long in advance, and finding another venue to keep the timelines intact was essential.However, the shift to Geneva does not mean that Sri Lanka has been left outside the door. It has submitted or co-submitted more proposals than any other single nation. Out of 57 total proposals, Sri Lanka is involved in almost 16 percent, many of which concern species endemic to the island. By virtue of that alone, it will play a large role during the conference and retain some of the spotlight.Sri Lanka’s proposalsSo, what is Sri Lanka proposing? Do its proposals have a reasonable chance of success?The goal of CITES is to protect wild flora and fauna from unsustainable exploitation and extinction caused by international trade. It maintains three lists of species with descending levels of protection: Appendix I, which prohibits any international trade of species threatened by extinction; Appendix II, which monitors and regulates the trade of species that might otherwise become threatened; and Appendix III, which provides international cooperation to help CITES parties protect certain species.Only parties to CITES can propose amendments to Appendices I and II, and only the CoP can decide on these proposals.The CoP strives for consensus decisions but can otherwise pass proposals with a two-thirds majority. Decisions on appendix amendments are informed by scientific data provided by the parties and outside organizations like the IUCN’s Species Survival Commission. They are mainly based on the criteria outlined in resolution Conf. 9.24 of CoP9 in 1994 (revised at COP17 in 2016).Sri Lanka wants to include several endemic reptiles into Appendix I, specifically two species of garden lizards, five species of horned lizards, two species of pygmy lizards, and one species of hump-nosed lizard. None of them are on any appendix so far, although their export from Sri Lanka is banned under the domestic Fauna and Flora Protection Ordinance. Sri Lanka and India also want to move the Indian star tortoise from Appendix II to Appendix I to curb their flourishing illegal trade.Together with the EU and a host of other countries, Sri Lanka also proposes to include several marine species into Appendix II: two species of mako sharks, six species of giant guitarfish, and 10 species of wedgefish. Finally, Sri Lanka and the United States want to list 15 species of ornamental tarantulas in Appendix II as well.This brings Sri Lanka to nine proposals and 43 species, 25 of them terrestrial and 18 aquatic. However, when the CITES Secretariat presented its recommendations on May 1, it recommended four of Sri Lanka’s nine proposals for rejection and expressed some concerns over the other five.To be eligible for inclusion in Appendix I, species must be threatened by extinction because they either have a small and vulnerable population, a limited geographic range, or a marked decline in population size.The detailed assessment of Sri Lanka’s five Appendix I proposals highlights one of the main problems for Sri Lankan conservationism: scarcity of data. The assessment is littered with phrases such as “is unclear,” “indicates,” “is inferred,” “suggests,” “information is very limited,” “quotes anecdotal information,” “opportunistic observations,” or “little is known.”Despite this, the Secretariat has applied a precautionary approach and recommended the adoption of three lizard proposals. It recommended rejecting the hump-nosed lizard and the Indian star tortoise, the latter because of its large populations and the fact that most traded specimens come from captive breeding, which is not covered under CITES.The criteria for Appendix II are more lenient: the regulation of trade must be necessary to prevent species from becoming eligible for Appendix I. The Secretariat has recommended the inclusion of giant guitarfish and wedgefish but ruled for the rejection of the mako shark proposal after extensive feedback from the U.N.’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Expert Panel stating that the shark populations are stable and not projected to decline significantly.Sri Lanka and the United States jointly submitted the last proposal, which had been rejected before at CoP11 in 2000. It concerns Poecilotheria, a genus of 15 species of completely arboreal tarantulas threatened by deforestation and habitat loss. Their range is limited to Sri Lanka and India, but the proposal lacks hard evidence of the impact of legal and illegal trade on their wild population. Therefore, the CITES Secretariat has again recommended the rejection of this proposal.This August in Geneva, Sri Lanka has the chance to make a difference and draw attention to its biodiversity, its range of endemic species, its potential for ecotourism, and its fight against wildlife trafficking. It remains to be seen which proposals will be adopted, but the Secretariat’s recommendations have highlighted problems that hinder conservation efforts in the country.The issues of lacking wildlife data and wildlife trafficking will need to be addressed to preserve biodiversity in Sri Lanka and around the globe.Hear an interview with the new Secretary General of CITES about the upcoming COP in August 2019 on Mongabay’s podcast, here.Dennis Mombauer is a freelance writer and researcher on climate change, conservation and special needs education based in Colombo. He focuses on ecosystem-based adaptation and sustainable urban development as well as on autism spectrum disorder. Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Banner image of a lyre-headed lizard (Lyriocephalus scutatus), a species endemic to Sri Lanka, courtesy of Anslem de Silva. Biodiversity, Cites, Conservation, Endangered Species, Environment, Extinction, Wildlife Trade, Wildlife Trafficking Article published by dilrukshilast_img read more

read more

first_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Agriculture, Beef, Conservation, Deforestation, Environment, Forests, Logging, Rainforest Deforestation, Threats To Rainforests, Tropical Forests Article published by danielcenter_img The British military sourced beef for ration packs from Brazilian meatpacker JBS despite its history of corruption, poor environmental record and links to human rights abuses.Ration packs supplied to the UK armed forces between 2009 and 2016 were found to be manufactured by JBS and supplied by Vestey Foods.The sources of JBS beef imported by Vestey into the UK could not be confirmed and may not have come from illegally deforested lands or suspect supply chains.Cattle ranching is the largest single driver of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon and a significant contributor to tropical carbon emissions. A recent wave of forest fires in the region prompted a global outcry and calls for tougher action to curb environmental destruction. The British military has for years sourced beef for soldiers’ ration packs from scandal-plagued Brazilian meatpacker JBS despite its history of corruption, poor environmental record and links to human rights abuses, research by NGO Earthsight has found.Ration packs supplied to the UK armed forces between 2009 and 2016 were found to be manufactured by JBS. By analysing shipping records, Earthsight found that Vestey Foods, a major supplier to the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), used JBS beef in at least four official ration packs.While JBS was no longer named as the producer of the ration packs from 2016, shipping data showed the firm supplied hundreds of tons of Brazilian beef and chicken worth $4.2 million to Vestey Foods between 2014 and 2019. However, Earthsight notes, the sources of JBS beef imported by Vestey into the UK could not be confirmed.“[A]lthough the army ration packs that have previously contained JBS beef may not have come from illegally deforested lands or suspect supply chains, questions remain about the MoD’s possible continuing relationship with a firm that has such a chequered history,” Earthsight said.Cattle ranching is the largest single driver of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon and a significant contributor to tropical carbon emissions. A recent wave of forest fires in the region prompted a global outcry and calls for tougher action to curb environmental destruction.JBS is one of three Brazilian firms known to have supplied beef to the UK armed forces, along with Minerva and SulBeef, which supply beef to armed forces personnel stationed in Bahrain, according to Earthsight.Sam Lawson, Earthsight director, said JBS had “flouted environmental standards for years and for the UK government to have been bumping up their profits, even if indirectly, is a major environmental own goal.”The MoD, JBS and Vestey Foods did not respond to a request for comment, but the MoD told Earthsight it was “committed to upholding ethical procurement practices” and was “working with our suppliers to address any concerns surrounding the recent link between sourcing beef from Brazil and deforestation.”In an FOI response to Earthsight the MoD said that 107 products were “deemed available to be ordered” in 2017 and 2018 that contained beef or beef products and that “four contain beef sourced from Brazil using Brazilian meat,” but added that it could not confirm how many of those products were actually supplied.British army ration packs have used JBS meat since 2009. Photo by Earthsight.JBS is the world’s largest meat producer with revenues last year of more than $43 billion. Until 2016, the company sourced beef from notorious rancher Antônio José Junqueira Vilela Filho, who was arrested in 2016 following a two-year criminal investigation that found he led a sophisticated criminal network responsible for illegally clearing over 30,000 hectares of public forests in the Brazilian state of Para.The following year, JBS was fined £6.5 million ($8.1 million) for buying 50,000 cattle from deforested Amazon land. The company denied wrongdoing. Also in 2017, JBS was raided by federal agents after it was discovered to have bribed sanitation inspectors to allow rotten meat to be sold.JBS’ founders, brothers Joesley and Wesley Batista, admitted last year to making about $180 million in illegal campaign donations over a decade to more than 1,800 candidates in return for favorable policy-making as part of Operation Car Wash, one of the largest corruption scandals in Latin American history.“The fact that the Ministry of Defence allowed JBS beef to be used in contracts in the past, and possibly still does, is at best a procurement oversight,” Lawson said. “If the UK government is truly committed to protecting the Amazon and preventing deforestation, then ensuring that none of its departments are using beef from potentially suspect sources in Brazil would be a good place to start.”last_img read more

read more

first_imgA mother of one was on Saturday morning hacked to death by her husband.Dead is 20-year-old Omawattie Wazi called “Agile” of Lot 33 D Williamsburg, Rose Hall Town, Berbice, Region Six (East Berbice-Corentyne).Reports are Wazi and the suspect, Gavin Gill, have been living at Port Mourant Village for the past year but she recently moved to her mother’s Williamsburg, Rose Hall Town, home after her husband of 14 months became abusive.Guyana Times was told that the young mother moved out with her seven-month-old baby from the matrimonial home about two weeks ago. She started working on Monday last as a sales clerk at a hardware store. However, at about 07:55h while on her way to work on Saturday that her husband struck her down with his car. She was riding a bicycle at the time. This publication understands that the man then exited the car with a knife and stabbed her several times before chopping her with a cutlass.According to one eyewitness, Subnauth Bickam, after hearing the impact, he rushed towards his gate and saw the woman moving from the bonnet of the vehicle and landing on his bridge.He said he rushed outside to assist the woman but saw the driver coming towards her. He said that the man took a knife and started stabbing the woman and despite his pleas to get him to stop, he did not. He said that the man then rushed back to the car and came running at him with a cutlass. The man reportedly held the woman by her hair and began chopping her at the neck. Meanwhile, a mobile police patrol was passing at the time and the ranks rushed to the woman’s aid and apprehended her husband. He was taken to the Albion Police Station.According to the dead woman’s sister, Samantha Wazi, the couple had been married for 14 months, after the suspect returned to Guyana from the United States 17 months ago.She said that prior to the marriage, one of the suspect’s relatives reached out to her family and advised her sister not to marry the man.According to the grieving woman, her sister did not pay heed and went ahead and married Gill.Samantha Wazi explained that one Saturday, the family suspected that the man was abusing her sister but she hid the abuse from her mother.“He don’t buy milk for the baby and drinking rum all the time. We hear he does beat she bad but she don’t tell mommy. It get overbearing and she come home back,” the grieving sister said. This newspaper was told that after Wazi moved from the home, her husband made several threats that he was going to kill her. This led to the woman applying for and received a restraining order which forbade Gill from being within 100 feet of Wazi, her sister and her mother.Guyana Times was told that Gill is currently before the court for a robbery under arms charge.In that case, the police are alleging that he was the driver of the car which transported several bandits to and from a robbery at Corentyne, Berbice. (Andrew Carmichael)last_img read more

read more

first_imgWhat it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Yesterday we looked at Check.in, the universal check-in Web application that provides a single interface for registering your location with several location-based social networking services like Foursquare and Brightkite. Today, we’re learning of a native iPhone application that integrates Check.in’s functionality: Geolorean. Not only does the new Geolorean application provide all the features of Check.in, it also provides an aggregated view of all your friends’ check-ins across the applications it supports: Gowalla, Brightkite, and Foursquare.Check-ins and Check-in StreamsThe Web page for Geolorean answers the first question we had about this application: Is this new? The site reads: “What do you mean you’ve seen this? It’s brand new.”Well, indeed it is. Check.in only launched out of private beta yesterday and already here’s an app taking advantage of the functionality it provides. The App Store, though, shows an “Update Date” of May 6th for Geolorean and the app itself launched back in late April. That means it actually launched even before Check.in went into public beta. If only we had known!Geolorean (love the name, by the way) is a creation of two Chicago developers, Andy LaVoy and Max Beatty. With this $0.99 app you can view an aggregated stream of your friends’ check-ins and you can locate your friends on a map where you can see the details of each check-in. And when you’re out and need to check in somewhere, you can use the Check.in Web service, which is integrated into the application by way of a Web view. When selecting this option, Check.in launches within the app, not in an external Safari window. Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement Related Posts The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology sarah perez Tags:#Apple#Location#mobile#web The iTunes app description promises more “updates and expanded features soon,” but apparently that won’t include any additional location-based services for the time being. According to a Q&A on the app’s homepage, it will add other services only “if another one gets popular.” (Does no one use Loopt?) However, the site does mention that you’ll soon be able to use the app to merge contacts across the three supported services into a single contact in order to better track their check-ins. There isn’t much more to this app, but I tried it this morning and it worked well without any crashes or noticeable bugs. Of course, I’m sitting here at home writing about it so I haven’t been able to test the Check.in feature yet. But based on my previous experience with the standalone Web app, it should do just fine. If you’re interested in trying Geolorean for yourself, you can grab it from iTunes here. last_img read more

read more

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Broody Bale (again) wants out of Real Madridby Carlos Volcano17 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveGareth Bale is again being linked with a move away at Real Madrid.After appearing to have settled his differences with coach Zinedine Zidane at the beginning of the season, Bale is again considering his future, says AS.It’s claimed Bale is angry after being left out of the squad last week for the 2-2 draw with Champions League opponents Club Brugge.The Wales captain had told Zidane he was fully fit for the game and was eager to play.But Zidane in the end snubbed Bale, which has since left the attacker brooding. last_img read more

read more

first_imgJosh Duhamel, Building for America’s Bravest (BFAB) and automaker GMC have partnered for a new film as part of the #EnlistMe campaign.Video: #enlistme: Building for America’s Bravest with GMC and Josh Duhamel: Meet Ben TomlinsonThe goal of the campaign is to raise funds and awareness to build smart-homes that meet the needs of severely injured veterans, like Marine Sgt. Ben Tomlinson.In this documentary-style film, Josh meets Marine Sergeant Ben Tomlinson at his specially designed smart-home in Jacksonville, Alabama, to speak with Ben and his family about their journey and the positive impact this home has had on his life. On his second tour of duty Ben was shot by enemy fire while providing rooftop security for his team. As a result, Ben was paralyzed with limited mobility below his chest.Duhamel’s connection to the military began a long time ago. He grew up near an Air Force base in North Dakota, has an aunt who completed a number of tours with the National Guard and his grandfather was a proud Marine. In fact, Josh’s emotional visit with Ben and his family took place just after his grandfather was honored in a military funeral service.How You Can Help:· Join GMC donate now at ourbravest.org/enlistme or call 844-BRAVEST· Show your support for the cause by donating now or sharing #EnlistMe with @GMC via social medialast_img read more

read more

Quenton Nelson looks exactly like a franchise-cornerstone left tackle: Standing 6 foot 5, 325 pounds, Nelson is “built like a bank safe” and blessed with the athleticism and aggressiveness to be a perennial All-Pro. The quarterback’s protector is often called the second-most-important offensive position, so it’s no wonder that Nelson’s in the mix to be the first non-quarterback to be picked in this year’s draft.But one thing does separate Nelson from other highly coveted tackles on draft day: He isn’t a tackle. He’s a guard.How players at one position in the NFL’s otherwise-anonymous quintet of trench warriors became some of American sports’ most-prized athletes is a story so well-known it was turned into a best-selling book, and even a movie: The uniquely gifted protectors of “The Blind Side” emerged in the 1990s to stop the pass-rushing outside linebackers of the 1980s, like eight-time All-Pro Lawrence Taylor.For years afterward, teams trying to land the next Orlando Pace or Walter Jones had no qualms about throwing high draft picks at top tackles. Even less-than-perfect tackle prospects like Michigan’s Jake Long and Central Michigan’s Eric Fisher were deemed “safe” picks at No. 1 overall — because unlike quarterbacks, who are unlikely to play another position well, if those tackles fail to establish themselves as quality starters, teams have the option of kicking them inside to guard.As recently as 2012, guards were still afterthoughts, not worthy of the draft-value (and contract) investment that comes with a high first-round selection. Outstanding guard prospect David DeCastro, whom many evaluators deemed worthy of at least a top-10 pick, didn’t come off the board until No. 24 that year.In the 32-team era,1Since 2002. 62 tackles have been drafted in the first round compared to just 14 guards. On average, those tackles were taken with the 14th pick, while the average guard went between 23 and 24. In fact, after “The Blind Side” was released in September 2006, NFL teams went on a four-year tackle binge, drafting 19 first-round tackles compared to just three centers and two guards.Last season, though, the market for elite tackles seemed to dry up. Only two — Garett Bolles and Ryan Ramczyk — went in the first round, and both were picked in the back end of the round (20 and 32 respectively). After Alabama’s Cam Robinson was taken with the second pick of the second round, which was lower than most expected, no tackles were taken until pick No. 85. To get a sense of how high in the draft tackles have tended to go over time, we can quantify pick position using Jimmy Johnson’s draft-pick value chart, which assigns a point value to every pick in the draft based solely on how early the pick is, not on which player is taken. Last year, the picks used on tackles in rounds one and two were worth a total of 2000 points, the lowest sum since at least 1994. By comparison, the picks used on the six tackles taken in the first two rounds in 2013 were worth more than 10,000 points. The trend of devaluing tackles seems certain to continue in the 2018 NFL draft. After Nelson, tackle Mike McGlinchey (average mock draft position: 22.2) is the next offensive lineman projected to go. But then it’s a run of interior linemen: Center James Daniels (28.5) and guards Isaiah Wynn (28.8) and Will Hernandez (28.9) are all set to be drafted ahead of the only other tackle who’s projected to be taken on the draft’s first night, Kolton Miller (31.2).If Miller doesn’t make it into the first round, it’ll be the first time that fewer than two tackles have been drafted in any first round since “The Blind Side” was released, and it would match the 2005-2006 nadir for high-pick tackles — only three tackles were taken in the first round in each of those two back-to-back draft classes.It’s not like NFL teams suddenly decided that the offensive line isn’t important, it’s more that the value pendulum is shifting away from left tackle. If Nelson goes as high as he’s expected to, he’ll be the third guard picked in the top 10 in the last six seasons (the fourth if you count Washington’s Brandon Scherff, who was drafted as a tackle but has since become a Pro Bowl guard2Washington initially tried Scherff at tackle before switching him to guard in his first training camp.). Before Chance Warmack and Jonathan Cooper went in the top 10 in 2013, no guard had been picked that high in a dozen years.3Leonard Davis went No. 2 overall in 2001 as a guard, though he went on to play both tackle and guard in the NFL.But it’s not just draft capital that teams are investing in a previously neglected position.This spring, All-Pro guard Andrew Norwell signed a five-year, $66.5 million unrestricted free-agency deal that briefly made him the NFL’s highest-paid offensive lineman. Though former New England Patriots left tackle Nate Solder’s four-year, $62 million contract with the New York Giants topped Norwell’s $13.3 million average annual value, Norwell remains No. 2.In 2016, the five biggest free-agency deals4In terms of contracts’ average annual value. given to offensive linemen went to left tackles. In 2017, half of the eight offensive-line contracts worth at least $10 million per year went to left tackles — but the other half went to three guards and a center. In 2018, Solder’s was the only one of the top six offensive-line deals that did not go to a guard or center.So why the sudden change? For starters, the evolution of the left tackle was a response to a defensive revolution that’s been over for a long time; Taylor’s 10-season Pro Bowl streak ended 27 years ago. From Dick LeBeau’s zone blitzes to Jim Johnson’s and Jim Schwartz’s aggressive 4-3s, Wade Phillips’s one-gap 3-4 schemes to Bill Belichick and Matt Patricia’s hybrid/multiple fronts attack, defensive coordinators have as many different ways to send pass rushers at quarterbacks as there are gaps between offensive linemen.According to ESPN Stats & Information Group, 36 percent of the 1,082.5 sacks by front-seven players in 2017 were registered by a player lined up at right defensive end or right outside linebacker. That means even a Hall of Fame left tackle can’t possibly help with at least two-thirds of the pressure that defenses are generating.Then there’s the fact that quarterbacks don’t really have a “blind side” anymore. The heavy use of shotgun formation in today’s NFL allows quarterbacks to keep the whole defense in front of them. According to ESPN Stats & Info, just 13,319 of 32,436 offensive plays (41 percent) were run from under center in 2017– and of those, a quarterback dropped back to pass on just 4,201 plays (13 percent of all offensive plays).The average left tackle, then, will only be called upon to keep his quarterback clean during a traditional dropback about 1/8th of the time he’s on the field.But don’t tell Nelson, Wynn, Hernandez or any of the other guards set to be drafted this weekend that the value of offensive linemen has crashed. They’re about to prove that the NFL has finally figured out that anyone who can get keep a pass-rusher from getting to a quarterback is worth an awful lot — regardless of where he’s positioned on the line. read more

read more

OSU freshman Luke Fletcher celebrates his first varsity victory over Missouri’s Zach Synon. Credit: Sam Janicki. Courtesy of OSU AthleticsFollowing a dominant 30-12 victory at Maryland on Jan. 22, the No. 4 Ohio State wrestling team will take on No. 3 Iowa on the road this week and top-ranked Penn State at home next week.The absence of junior Kyle Snyder, the returning national champion at heavyweight, this week could spell trouble for OSU late in the dual. He is currently representing the United States in the Ivan Yarygin Memorial Grand Prix in Krasnoyarsk, Russia.“There are no better opportunities in our schedule than these opportunities to really learn a lot about where we are,” OSU coach Tom Ryan said. “You’ve got a great team in Iowa, in an away venue, and then you’ve got another opportunity at home, in front of the home crowd, to wrestle (against Penn State).”The matchup against Iowa will feature a plethora of marquee matchups, including fifth-ranked 149-pounder Micah Jordan (OSU) against second-ranked Brandon Sorensen (Iowa), tenth-ranked 184-pounder Myles Martin (OSU) against fifth-ranked Sammy Brooks (Iowa) and first-ranked 133-pounder Nathan Tomasello (OSU) against fourth-ranked Cory Clark (Iowa).Micah Jordan missed last week’s action against Maryland due to illness, along with his brother — 174-pounder Bo Jordan — and 125-pounder Jose Rodriguez.“I haven’t wrestled anyone (ranked) at one or two yet,” Micah Jordan said. “The next two weeks I have No. 2 and then No. 1, so I’m really excited to see where I’m at.”In addition to the tough team matchups, many of the wrestlers will face their most talented opponents yet.“We’ve wrestled some tough teams, but I’m just really looking forward to these next couple of matches,” Martin said. “Especially for me, a lot of the guys I have are top five in the country.”Over the next four matchups, all of Martin’s projected opponents are ranked in the top 13, including No. 5 Sammy Brooks (Iowa) and No. 2 Bo Nickal (Penn State).Bo Jordan did not compete against Maryland, but could have wrestled if needed. Ryan held him out in order to give him another week to recover from injury, and prepare for the tough task ahead.“If we needed him to step in there to win the dual, we could’ve wrestled him,” Ryan said. “But, logically, it made no sense to risk further injury when you’ve got Iowa coming up next weekend.”The Buckeyes look to be in good health, as the only starter expected to be out is Snyder in the heavyweight division.“Kyle (Snyder) gives you a sense that, of the 10 weights, we’re getting bonus points in this weight, so we’re going to need for (redshirt senior heavyweight) Josh Fox to really step up,” Ryan said. “There’s much less room for error, so it’s just compete to the best of your ability.”The match will start at 8 p.m. on Friday in the Carver-Hawkeye Arena in Iowa City, Iowa. read more

read more

Near the midway point of its 2009-10 campaign, the Ohio State men’s hockey team will host the team up north.This weekend, the Buckeyes (4-5-1 CCHA, 6-9-1 overall) will host the Michigan Wolverines (3-5-0 CCHA, 7-7-0 overall) in a vital CCHA rivalry matchup. The contests aren’t only significant because of the schools’ historic rivalry, but because they provide an opportunity for both teams to move up in the CCHA standings as both squads move closer to the main stretch of the season.Ohio State trails the all-time series with Michigan, 29-64-11, and has lost six of the past 10 meetings.Michigan currently sits near the CCHA cellar in 11th place, while OSU checks in at the eighth spot. The Buckeyes will be storming into this series riding one of their finest victories of the season after defeating No. 6 Bemidji State in overtime 2-1 on Nov. 28. OSU also improved its record to 5-2-1 in Saturday’s contests. The Buckeyes will look to turn around their abysmal 1-7-0 record on Friday.Coming off of a 29-12-0 overall record and a 20-8-0 CCHA record, in which it led the CCHA in overall team offense and was tied for the best team defense, Michigan was skating into this season with dreams of a CCHA championship.It looked as if the Wolverines would follow the coaches and media poll predictions of being in the top spot in the CCHA as they started 4-2. But contests versus elite opponents such as Miami University and Michigan State humbled Michigan as it fell in five consecutive contests.However, the Wolverines have turned the page, as the team has won its past three contests while outscoring its opponents 13-3.Both schools’ coaches have left a significant mark on their school’s program. Red Berenson is in his 26th year as the coach of the Wolverines. He has also accounted for two of Michigan’s NCAA-record nine NCAA Division I championships.John Markell is in his 14th season behind the Ohio State bench. He has led the Buckeyes to the NCAA tournament five times, the only appearances in program history.Michigan will enter this weekend’s contests hosting a number of the CCHA’s best offensive players. Junior forward Carl Hagelin leads the Wolverines with 12 points and seven goals. Fellow junior forwards Matt Rust and Louie Caporusso have scored 11 and 10 goals apiece, respectively.Junior goalie Bryan Hogan has started between the poles every contest for the Wolverines and hosts an impressive .903 save percentage and a goals allowed per game average of 2.30.Zac Dalpe is the Buckeyes’ lead scorer. The junior has a team-high nine goals and 17 points.Ohio State has two goaltenders who stand in the crease every other contest. Sophomore Cal Heeter currently holds a superior record to senior goaltender Dustin Carlson, at 5-2-1 compared to 1-7-0. But Carlson actually holds a better save percentage, .908 to Heeter’s .907.This weekend’s matchup between the two schools will add another chapter to one of the most historic rivalries in collegiate sports. OSU will host Michigan at the Schottenstein Center Friday at 7:05 p.m. and Saturday at 8:05 p.m. read more

read more